During the nation's celebration of the Centennial of Flight,
people are interested in the scientific principles and the
details of the Wright brothers' aircraft and discoveries.
To aid that understanding, people have produced simulations
of the various aircraft and scientific principles. The simulations
take two main forms; computer models and physical models or replicas.
This web page describes and links you to the computer simulations
and some aircraft replicas present at the Wright Way.
NASA Glenn Research Center has developed a
number of web pages concerning the discovery
process of the Wright Brothers. Many of these pages contain
interactive educational computer simulations.
of all the pages indicates the interactive simulations.
Several replicas of the Wright aircraft have also been produced.
A full scale replica
of the Wright's 1900 aircraft has been built in a joint effort
between the Orono Middle School of Orono, Maine, and the NASA
Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The aircraft has
been used as a traveling exhibit, an educational tool, and
eventually as a fixed exhibit at the Glenn Visitor Information
Center. An interactive simulation
has been developed to predict the flight conditions necessary
to fly this aircraft. A higher fidelity Computational Fluid
Dynamics (CFD) computation
of the flow around the glider has also been completed. The
CFD simulation includes an animation of the flow at different
angles of attack.
The students are Orono also produced a
half scale replica
of the Wright's 1902 aircraft. That aircraft is currently housed at
the NASA Glenn Visitor's Center and has been used in educational
activities at the center. In 2003, the Orono students built a
small scale replica
of the Wright 1903 flyer which was taken to the International
Space Station and used by the Expedition 7 crew during educational
A full scale
of the Wright 1905 flyer has been built by Mark Dusenberry of
Dennison, Ohio. This aircraft has been flown by Mr. Dusenberry
nearly a dozen times through October, 2004.
This program is an interactive
flow simulator that determines the airflow around various
basic shapes of airfoils, including a flat plate. Several
lessons on basic aerodynamics are included with this simulator
package. The lessons are displayed in a separate window while
the program is operating.
Highlights: Free Software.
Design (not currently available)
The BAD-Web gives some rudimentary
insight into the art and science of aircraft design. While
it purposely limits the scope of BAD-Web to ensure quick results,
it should demonstrate the kind of tradeoffs and decisions
that aircraft designers face on a daily basis.
Highlights: Design your
software lets students and educators study how
pressure, temperature, and density change throughout
the atmosphere, by demonstrating how those variables
effect the gauges of an airplane.
|Beginner's Guide to Aeronautics
about how airplanes fly, including the forces
that lift them off the ground, keep them in the
air, and help them land.
|Beginners Guide to Propulsion
interactive website serves as a guide to how jet
engines work. Activities, data, and engine simulations
are available for teachers and students.
learn about the principles of aerodynamics by
controlling the conditions of a big league baseball
can manipulate variables to design and test engines
to see what is most efficient. This software fosters
hands on inquiry-based learning in science and
math by simulating jet engine tests and the effects
that engines have on the speed and range of aircraft.
|Foil Sim II
software fosters hands-on inquiry-based learning
by computing the theoretical lift of a variety
of airfoil shapes. The user can control the shapes,
size, and inclination of a wing, and test their
decisions in a simulated wind tunnel.
program helps students design and study the flight
of a kite. Kites with different lengths, widths,
and materials can be designed and tested with
variable wind speeds and control lines. The aerodynamic
forces on the kite, and the stability of the design
are computed by this software.
Games presents a variety of multiple-choice math
and physics problems involving aircraft performance.
Students must answer questions about range, fuel
usage, acceleration, velocity and location during
Rocket Modeler lets students and educators design
and study the flight of a model rocket. This program
computes the stability of your design and flight
trajectory while K-16owing the user to vary the
number and size of fins and materials used.
|The Wright Way
about the development of the first manned, powered
flight from its conception through research and
experimentation, to success and beyond. This website
features facts, lesson plans, simulations, activities,
and contains information on how to participate
in the Centennial of Flight Celebration.