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"Re-living The Wright Way"

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Invention Process

Researched Flight

Tested Theories

Flight Control

Test Pilot Skills

Propulsion System

First Flight

Flight Development

Pushing Envelope

Wilbur Wright Bio

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Lesson Plans

Simulations

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Activities

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Gliders

1900 - Aircraft

1901 - Aircraft

1902 - Aircraft

Powered Aircraft

1903 - Wright Flyer

1904 - Aircraft

1905 - Aircraft

Flight Control

Wing Warping

1901 - Wind Tunnel

Simulations

During the nation's celebration of the Centennial of Flight, people are interested in the scientific principles and the details of the Wright brothers' aircraft and discoveries. To aid that understanding, people have produced simulations of the various aircraft and scientific principles. The simulations take two main forms; computer models and physical models or replicas. This web page describes and links you to the computer simulations and some aircraft replicas present at the Wright Way.

NASA Glenn Research Center has developed a number of web pages concerning the discovery process of the Wright Brothers. Many of these pages contain interactive educational computer simulations. An index of all the pages indicates the interactive simulations.

Several replicas of the Wright aircraft have also been produced. A full scale replica of the Wright's 1900 aircraft has been built in a joint effort between the Orono Middle School of Orono, Maine, and the NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The aircraft has been used as a traveling exhibit, an educational tool, and eventually as a fixed exhibit at the Glenn Visitor Information Center. An interactive simulation has been developed to predict the flight conditions necessary to fly this aircraft. A higher fidelity Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) computation of the flow around the glider has also been completed. The CFD simulation includes an animation of the flow at different angles of attack.

The students are Orono also produced a half scale replica of the Wright's 1902 aircraft. That aircraft is currently housed at the NASA Glenn Visitor's Center and has been used in educational activities at the center. In 2003, the Orono students built a small scale replica of the Wright 1903 flyer which was taken to the International Space Station and used by the Expedition 7 crew during educational broadcasts.

A full scale replica of the Wright 1905 flyer has been built by Mark Dusenberry of Dennison, Ohio. This aircraft has been flown by Mr. Dusenberry nearly a dozen times through October, 2004.

FoilSim Software – Grades 9-12
http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/FoilSim/
This program is an interactive flow simulator that determines the airflow around various basic shapes of airfoils, including a flat plate. Several lessons on basic aerodynamics are included with this simulator package. The lessons are displayed in a separate window while the program is operating.
Highlights: Free Software.

Basic Aircraft Design (not currently available)

The BAD-Web gives some rudimentary insight into the art and science of aircraft design. While it purposely limits the scope of BAD-Web to ensure quick results, it should demonstrate the kind of tradeoffs and decisions that aircraft designers face on a daily basis.
Highlights: Design your own airplane.

Program Description URL Grade
Atmosphere Applet This software lets students and educators study how pressure, temperature, and density change throughout the atmosphere, by demonstrating how those variables effect the gauges of an airplane. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
Beginner's Guide to Aeronautics Learn about how airplanes fly, including the forces that lift them off the ground, keep them in the air, and help them land. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bga.html K-12
Beginners Guide to Propulsion This interactive website serves as a guide to how jet engines work. Activities, data, and engine simulations are available for teachers and students. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bgp.html K-16
Curveball Students learn about the principles of aerodynamics by controlling the conditions of a big league baseball pitch. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
EngineSim Students can manipulate variables to design and test engines to see what is most efficient. This software fosters hands on inquiry-based learning in science and math by simulating jet engine tests and the effects that engines have on the speed and range of aircraft. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
Foil Sim II This software fosters hands-on inquiry-based learning by computing the theoretical lift of a variety of airfoil shapes. The user can control the shapes, size, and inclination of a wing, and test their decisions in a simulated wind tunnel. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
Kite Modeler This program helps students design and study the flight of a kite. Kites with different lengths, widths, and materials can be designed and tested with variable wind speeds and control lines. The aerodynamic forces on the kite, and the stability of the design are computed by this software. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
Range Games Range Games presents a variety of multiple-choice math and physics problems involving aircraft performance. Students must answer questions about range, fuel usage, acceleration, velocity and location during take-off. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
Rocket Modeler The Rocket Modeler lets students and educators design and study the flight of a model rocket. This program computes the stability of your design and flight trajectory while K-16owing the user to vary the number and size of fins and materials used. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm 9-12
The Wright Way Learn about the development of the first manned, powered flight from its conception through research and experimentation, to success and beyond. This website features facts, lesson plans, simulations, activities, and contains information on how to participate in the Centennial of Flight Celebration. http://wright.nasa.gov K-12

Site Map and Links to Wright Brothers Information

 

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Editor: Kelly Sands
NASA Official: Nancy Hall
Last Updated: Mon, May 10 02:09:24 PM EDT 2021

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