Innovations incorporated into the test control software include a successive approximation algorithm for constant-rate temperature control, dynamic compensation for the coefficient of thermal expansion times the temperature change changes in the specimen dimensions (including the extensometer gage length), synchronization of all command and acquisition events with the microcomputer's 8254 timer chip, high data-acquisition-rate oversampling to reduce noise while minimizing signal time averaging, polynomial interpolation of temperature versus thermal strain, and control of the axial mechanical strain (total strain minus the product of the coefficient of thermal expansion and the temperature change). In addition, to avoid crack initiation from thermocouple spot welds, the gage section temperature is monitored by a light pipe infrared probe. The test control software allows for arbitrary phasing between the temperature, the axial command waveform signals, and the torsional command waveform signals. Axial and torsional load, strain, and stroke, as well as specimen temperature data, are acquired 1000 times per cycle. Tests are performed in 600-sec cycles (dictated by slowest free-convection cooling rate at the low end of the temperature cycle). Graphical output of axial and torsional stress response, temperatures, and additional pertinent information are displayed on the computer monitor in real time.
The test matrix will include (1) axial in-phase and axial out-of-phase thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) tests, (2) torsional in-phase TMF tests, (3) mechanically in-phase and thermally in-phase tests, (4) mechanically in-phase and thermally out-of-phase tests, (5) mechanically out-of-phase and thermally in-phase tests, and (6) mechanically out-of-phase and thermally out-of-phase tests. The maximum and minimum temperatures for all tests will be 760 and 316 °C, respectively. Results will be used to assess multiaxial fatigue life models for their applicability to cyclic thermomechanical loading conditions. This program has been preceded by baseline experiments establishing the axial-torsional fatigue and deformation characteristics of Haynes 188 at 760 and 316 °C.
Axial-torsional thermomechanical fatigue. Top: Schematic. Bottom: Mechanically out-of-phase and thermally out-of-phase cycles.
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Last updated April 16, 1996
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